Acmella Spianthes is a plant which flowers all year round, native to the tropical southern hemisphere. Its specialty lies in its anti-aging active ingredients. Its extract is used not only in cosmetic beauty care, but also in organic dentistry (anesthesia, analgesia). It is also referred to as a plant “botox” because of its firming effect on the skin. It has concentrated effects on collagen production, skin density and firmness, and improving skin surface.
Allantoin is a heterocyclic plant urea, which can also be found as an active ingredient in black evening primrose, wheat germ and bear grapes. When applied externally, it provides a feeling of relief to the skin, which is due to the fact that it increases the blood supply to the skin, thereby increasing cell renewal, accelerating wound healing due to its epithelial properties, making it the first anti-inflammatory skin protective. Beneficial for skin prone to scarring and acne.
A rare and precious oil that is harvested and extracted from the nut of the Moroccan Olive Tree (Argan Tree). Argan Oil is packed full of antioxidants, essential fatty acid, and vitamin E, making it a highly favoured ingredient for hydrating and revitalising the skin. Also rich in Oleic Acid, Argan oil improves skin permeability and assists another element in penetrating the skin barrier.
Benzyl alcohol is a colourless, slightly aromatic, oily liquid found free form in raspberries, tea, tobacco, carnations and jasmine. Its esters occur in the balsam trees.
Betaine is chemically known as trimethyl glycine, extracted from many plants. It is able to form bonds with water and other molecules, increasing its solubility factor. Therefore, it’s absorbed quickly by the skin, leaving it feeling hydrated and moisturised, beneficial for sensitive skin.
Black Seed Oil is an ancient ingredient derived from the plant Nigella Sativa, used in the Middle East, Africa and Asia for centuries. Ours is cold-pressed to extract the active ingredients in their most raw and potent state, to deliver onward efficiency. An antioxidant and anti-inflammatory, Black Seed Oil has been introduced into many skincare products because of its ability to diminish fine lines, fight acne, unclog pores and fade dark spots, suitable for all skin types.
Burdock root extract has been used for centuries in both healing and skin care. Burdock is rich in minerals, the most important of which are copper, iron, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and zinc, as well as B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, Vitamins B12, C and E. In addition, it contains larger amounts of lignans, mucus, tannins, chlorogenic and caffeic acids, inulin, and traces of essential oil. An important active ingredient is arctiopicrin, which has excellent bacterial, fungicidal and antiseptic effects, significantly reducing the symptoms of various skin problems, such as acne, dermatitis and blemishes. The skin rejuvenating and anti-aging effects of arctine (antioxidant lignan) in burdock has been studied by German researchers. It has been found that burdock extract regenerates the structure of the skin, and if used for four weeks is effective in reducing visible wrinkles around the eyes. The study was published in the Journal of cosmetic dermatology.
Caffeine is a coffee component, more specifically the nitrone-containing alkaloid of coffee. A morning energiser, it reduces blood flow under the eyes, resulting in dark circles. Caffeine is also a blocker in cell formation, constricting blood vessels, thereby reducing redness and flushing. As a special antioxidant it has the ability to soothe reddened and irritated skin.
Calendula Extract, also known as Marigold Extract, has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties making it a perfect remedy for many skin conditions, whilst helping to improve skin appearance. Ours is macerated, meaning the marigold has been infused in oil over time, to carry and deliver calendula extract's active properties to the skin. Once absorbed, it soothes skin and eases discomfort for those with acne and inflamed skin, and it increases the skin's hydration; one of the main ways to prevent the signs of aging.
Camellia oil, also known as tea seed oil, is considered to be a super oil, rich in vitamins and antioxidants. It contains a high concentration of oleic acid (about 80%), which gives deep hydration of dull, tired, and stressed skin. It can reduce the appearance of scars, stretch marks and spots due to its tone-improving properties. Its fatty acid composition is the optimal choice for dry, sensitive and mature skin.
Carrot Seed Oil is an essential oil from the seeds of the Daucus Carota plant. Known for its antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties to improve skin health, it is rich in beta carotene, vitamins A and E and pro-vitamin A, helpful in healing dry, chapped and cracked skin, and balancing the moisture in the skin. It is also beneficial to anti-aging, able to rejuvenate dead skin cells.
Cetearyl alcohol is a fatty alcohol, however it's not related to the alcohol we refer to in everyday consumption. You may have heard that you should avoid hair and skin products that contain alcohol. This is because many alcohols, like ethanol or rubbing alcohol, can be very drying. Using alcohol on your skin and hair can lead to itchiness, flaking, and skin peeling. However, fatty alcohols, like cetearyl alcohol, don’t have the same effect on the skin due to a different chemical structure. In cetearyl alcohol, the alcohol group (-OH) is attached to a very long chain of hydrocarbons (fats). This feature allows fatty alcohols to trap and retain water making the skin feel smooth and hydrated. Chemicals that make the skin feel smooth are referred to as emollients. They work by forming an oily layer on the top of the skin to lock moisture in. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel has concluded that fatty alcohols, including cetearyl alcohol, are safe for use in cosmetic products. In clinical studies, cetearyl alcohol was found to have no significant toxicity and was non-mutagenic (would not change your DNA). It was also found not to irritate the skin. According to the FDA, Trusted Source, even cosmetic products labeled “alcohol free” are allowed to contain cetearyl alcohol and other fatty alcohols. Cetearyl alcohol is also included on the FDA list of safe and permitted food additives.
A natural raw coffee extract that has beneficial effects to help blood circulation.
A natural plant pigment that helps absorb light needed for photosynthesis in green plants, in which the deep green colour becomes accentuated. It also has antibacterial properties.
A hydrolate derived from the precious Rosa Damascena flower that contributes to the overall hydration of all skin types. In addition to the essential oil of the Damascus rose, the water’s aroma also has a prominent place in skincare routines. The essential water-soluble active ingredients of flower water (vitamin A, vitamin B3, vitamin C) are primarily effective in nourishing mature, aging skin due to their high antioxidant properties, but they also play an important role in protecting drier, irritated skin. Its natural floral-rosy scent is subtle and calming.
Ectoin was discovered in 1985 by German researchers in biotechnology in search of various species of microorganisms. Their studies were based on an understanding of the structure and properties of extremophilic species (those adapted to extreme physical and chemical conditions). The salt-tolerant bacterium, Halomonas elongata, was extracted by a fermentation process, as well as extremophilic bacterial species, Ectoin, which is a surviving supermolecule of extremophilic microorganisms. Ectoin was discovered in the salt lakes of Wadi El Natrun in Northern Egypt, where it was able to survive significant daily fluctuations of temperature for millions of years. Research has shown that Ectoin protects the structure of the cell-bounding membrane from adverse environmental factors, such as UVA radiation and “blue light”, while regenerating damaged cells.
Evening Primrose Oil is rich in essential fatty acids to soothe and moisturise the skin, while enhancing its elasticity too. It promotes a healthy and rejuvenated complexion, addressing any dryness, redness, and wrinkles, as well as aiding the healing process of scars and any inflammation.
Geranium is a high quality essential oil obtained by steam distillation from the geranium leaves of bourbon geranium. Its floral scent is the key fragrance note in addition to rosewood essential oil. It is highly effective against skin infections and fungal infections, with anti-inflammatory and astringent qualities.
Gluconolactone is a skin conditioning gluconic acid, which is a milder exfoliator than AHA acid, with strong moisturising and antioxidant properties. Also ideal for sensitive skin. By exfoliating the skin a little, it helps allow other ingredients to penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin, thus supporting the effectiveness of the active ingredients.
This densely flowing, colourless liquid is a multifunctional raw material used not only by the natural cosmetics world, but by the entire cosmetics world. Chemically derived, glycerin is a sugar alcohol that contains three hydrophilic hydroxyl groups. Due to its highly hydrophilic nature, it mixes indefinitely with water, and here it has an excellent humectant effect from the air (it is able to bind moisture from the environment with higher humidity) to the skin; absorbing moisture into the skin. It is found among thousands of cream emulsions and serum ingredients because, in addition to its moisturising-water-binding power, it adapts perfectly to its active ingredients and even helps them. It is an excellent solvent for some plant active ingredients, it helps to disperse gelling agents (e.g. hydroxyethylcellulose, etc.) more easily, and is also a component of oils and fats. It is important to note that it cannot be used on its own because without the water phase it has the opposite effect on the skin.
Glyceryl Caprylate / Caprate, are mixtures of monoesters, Glyceryl Caprylate and Glyceryl Caprate. It is a self-emulsifying grade that contains some sodium and / or potassium salts of the acid. Glyceryl monoesters are primarily used in the formulation of creams and lotions, moisturisers, and other skin care products, but glyceryl monoesters can also be found in deodorants, bath soaps, eye makeup and foundations. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel evaluated have concluded that the following glyceryl monoesters were safe as cosmetic ingredients in the present practices of use and concentration.
Glycoin is found in the plant Myrothamnus Flabellifolia, which rightly bears the name "Resurrection Plant". In desert conditions without water the plant completely dries up. However, once exposed to water it comes back to life within a few hours. It's a multifunctional active ingredient known for increasing skin elasticity, as well as a catalyst, able to regenerate and give new strength to aging cells. It's also been shown to stimulate the production of Aquaporin 3, FGF7, and TGF beta 1 in the skin, which help to regulate the cell's water levels by delivering moisture to the deepest layers of the skin.
This super, raw extract carries with it all the goodness of Arabica coffee. Green coffee extract awakens the skin and prepares it for exposure to the sun. Since it is green coffee, there are differences in terms of active ingredients and organoleptics compared to its roasted counterpart. Chlorogenic acid is present in high concentrations in green coffee, which stimulates circulation, helping to alleviate swollen, puffy eyes, and rejuvenate tired skin.
This special oil is the cold pressed product of unroasted raw green coffee. In terms of its fatty acid composition, it contains a high percentage of palmitic acid and linoleic acid (approx. 40%), in addition to stearic acid and linoleic acid. Its exceptionally high sterol content, including most of the beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol, are effective in reducing inflammation, and contributes to the conditioning of sensitive skin.
Green Tea Extract, botanical name, Camellia Sinensis, is an all-natural granulate extracted from the tea bush. With its main active ingredients as polyphenols, catechins and caffeine combined with the strength of flavonoids (teaflavin, flavonone), it contributes to the health of our skin from the inside out. With antioxidant properties, it blocks the formation of harmful substances and free radicals in our body, slowing down the premature aging of the skin.
In the cosmetic world, Hydroxyethylcellulos’ primary function is to thicken cream emulsions, making it easier to stabilise the water and oil phase to achieve a homogeneous stock.
The flower water of jasmine, like other natural hydrolates, was born from the distillation of the volatile component. Jasmine is sweet, exotic; gentle yet determined. It soothes the skin and tones it easily, whilst creating calm when inhaled.
Jojoba’s texture is that of a liquid wax being mainly composed of long-chain wax esters (mainly gadoleic acid). For this reason, it is very similar to the components of human sebum, hence why it’s able to strengthen the skin’s surface and upper layers, and retain moisture through its active ingredients. It can also fight microorganisms that attack our skin, such as Propionibecterum acne, which causes acne. For this reason Jojoba is a well regarded cure for oily, acne-prone skin. Due to its unique fatty acid profile, it decomposes more slowly and has a high degree of stability, which is why it is also suitable as a base oil.
Kokum Butter is a raw, unrefined hydrogenated butter derived from the seeds of the Kokum Tree, largely found in the tropical regions of India. It's a potent emollient used to improve the skin's moisture content, absorbing easily into the skin leaving no greasy feeling. When used topically on the body, it has also been found to reduce inflamation due to its antioxidant and antimicrobial qualities.
Lavender Flower Water is a great tonic for the skin due to its antibacterial properties, which help treat blemishes, uneven skin tone, and mild acne. Ours has been extracted using maceration to obtain its natural scent and colour.
By distilling the flowers and leaves of the linden tree, this delicate, floral-scented aroma water is produced, which gently nourishes dry, sensitive, mature skin. Also useful in skin care for children.
Rich in palmitic acid, Macadamian Nut Oil is a lightweight oil that helps regenerate the protective outer-layer of the skin.
Maka Checkers Oil is an Australian nut pressed oil. Its special feature is that it’s still a stable oil in high unsaturated fatty acids, including essential oils. Omega-7 (a source of palmitoleic acid), which stimulates wound healing, is perfect for irritated mature skin. Linoleic acid helps prevent trans-epidermal dehydration, and thanks to its high phytosterol content, it soothes skin and helps the barrier layer of the skin function, coupled with the anti-inflammatory effects of Omega-3.
A super special vitamin C derivative, fully known as Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate (MAP). Vitamin C is a very effective ingredient in skin care, but its chemical structure is unstable. It is sensitive to external influences such as pH, light and air, so it oxidizes and decomposes more easily and quickly. Whereas MAP is one of the most chemically stable vitamin C derivatives. It is a powerful antioxidant, stimulates collagen production, improves skin structure, reduces redness and inhibits melanin production, has no exfoliating effect, and gently contributes to skin care.
Marula oil is obtained from the ripe fruit of the wild Marula tree in South Africa. With its antioxidant content, cold-pressed marula oil has been used as an elixir for centuries by African women to preserve their beauty both externally and internally. Its high content of vitamins C and E and special fatty acid composition makes it suitable for all skin types, be it mature, dry, sensitive (rosacea, eczema) or even combination, and oily (acne) skin. This high volume of vitamins provides increased protection against cell damage, and in addition to smoothing fine lines, it also works to increase cellular regeneration of deeper wrinkles. With high oleic acid content, it is deeply hydrating. Monounsaturated linoleic acid can relieve inflammation, including itching, redness, acne wounds and scars, while absorbing into the skin’s natural lipid layer to protect it. Due to the combination of special active ingredients, it is easily absorbed and does not leave a greasy feeling, so you can use it across the body.
Neroli flower water is a therapeutic flower water obtained from the steam distillation of volatile bitter orange (Seville orange) and has a characteristically refreshing scent. Orange flower hydrolate (neroli hydrolate) is known for its anti-inflammatory and soothing properties. It makes dry, dull, and lifeless skin feel rejuvenated and velvety smooth. Its active ingredients are good for our bodies too. It can also be used in hydrolate therapy due to its mood-enhancing and stress-relieving properties.
Niacinamide, also called nicotinamide, is a form of vitamin B-3. Niacinamide helps build keratin, a type of protein that keeps your skin firm and healthy. Niacinamide can also help stimulate your skin to grow a ceramide (lipid) barrier, which can, in turn, help retain moisture. This is beneficial for all skin types, especially if you have eczema or mature skin. Finally, it minimizes pore appearance and regulates oil.
The nutritional biological value of olive oil is scientifically proven, but it is not only one of the cornerstones of a healthy diet, it can work wonders when applied to the skin. It is rich in stable oleic acid, which reaches the deeper layers of the skin to regenerate it. It also contains higher amounts of palmitic acid, already found in high percentages in the skin, but this decreases over time. Linole and other essential fatty acids hydrate and renew the skin, helping scars to fade. Olive oil has been consumed in all its forms in the Mediterranean for decades due to its nutritional biological benefits. Olives are a source of fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamins A, D, E and K. Due to antioxidants, polyphenol and vitamin E, it also has mild antibacterial properties, natural moisturising properties, and anti-aging benefits.
Panthenol is a chemical substance made from pantothenic acid, also known as vitamin B-5. The National Centre for Biotechnology Information lists panthenol as a skin protectant with anti-inflammatory properties. It can help improve skin’s hydration, elasticity, and smooth its appearance.
Phenethyl alcohol is a natural preservative used in natural cosmetics. The name alcohol can be misleading, so it is important to point out that it is not the same as denatured alcohol (ethyl alcohol, ethanol). It has no drying properties when applied to the skin. It is an alcohol derivative derived from the components of various essential oils such as orange, rose, and hyacinth. Its scent has a pleasant floral aroma, which it can neutralise undesirable odors. Furthermore, it prevents the occurrence and possible growth of bacteria in aqueous phase cosmetics due to its natural preservative effect.
Plankton extract, also known as Thalasso plankton, is derived in marine biotechnology from various algae, seaweed, and marine skeletons. Its anti-wrinkle and lifting effects are supported by scientific research. It proven to stimulate fibroblast cells, thereby increasing skin's production of collagen and elastin. Plankton is prepared via cold process method to retain all the purity and efficiency. It's created from organically grown, pesticide-free materials.
Hyaluronic acid is a natural compound found throughout the body, present in all tissues and fluids. It is more concentrated in certain areas of the body, with 50% of the body's hyaluronic acid found in the skin, helping to fascilitate hydration, metabolic processes and skin regeneration. It's a well-recognised active ingredient because of its ability to retain water and hold onto moisture, producing powerful moisturising effects. Used widely in skinare to reduce wrinkles, lift and contour the skin.
Phenethyl Alcohol (C6H5CH2CH2OH) is one of the constituents of aromatic alcohols (the hydroxyl group is found in the side bracket of the aromatic ring), which is naturally present in the flora, is also found in essential flower oils, carnation, rose, orange blossom, neroli and geranium oils. It functions as an accepted preservative in natural cosmetics because it prevents the growth of bacteria and even has a neutralising effect to prevent deterioration, and also has a slight rosy scent. It is used in water-based products mainly as a tonic.
Retinol is a synthetic derivative of Vitamin-A and falls under a broader category of retinoids. When applied topically this product will convert into retinoic acid through specialised enzymes that are found within the skin. Retinol stimulates collagen production helping to reduce fine lines and improve the smooth appearance of the skin.
Rice bran is a deep moisturising, anti-aging agent due to high concentration of vitamins E and B. The rich ingredients of food-grade rice bran oil are able to rebuild and regenerate the condition of damaged skin. High in vitamins E and B, as well as oryzanol in your bran (a mixture of plant sterols and ferulic acid esters), it is an antioxidant effective in bringing radiance to mature, lifeless skin. The latter, thanks to the ferulic acid content of oryzanol, which also effectively lightens aging spots.
Rosehip is rich in antioxidants, essential fatty acids, and vitamins, making it a highly beneficial ingredient in skincare. This powerful ingredient encourages cellular regeneration, allowing the skin to protect itself from premature ageing and ultraviolet radiation. At náu, we use an innovative cold-press process to extract Rosehip’s most essential properties, which in turn ensures that the quality is never compromised.
Rosewood is a volatile component produced by the alcoholic extraction of the Damascus rose. It has an intense, characteristic rose scent. It is also a popular natural fragrance component for perfumes and cosmetics.
The sea buckthorn is native to the Himalayas, but its energising and anti-aging effects are now known in almost all parts of the world. It speeds up the healing of wounds and strengthens connective tissues, beneficial for dry-cracked skin and effective against harmful radiation. Rich in essential fatty acids such as linolenic acid and alpha linolenic acid.
Seaweed Laminaria Digitata, is a tough dark brown seaweed containing oligosaccharides (especially phycosaccharides), potassium, magnesium and iodine. Macroalgae rich in alginates are similar to beta-glucans from the North-Western part of France, off the coast of Brittany. Zinc sulphate limits the growth of microorganisms, has a sebum-regulating effects, soothes irritation and reduces skin inflammation. These inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Propionobacterium acnes bacteria in the skin.
Unrefined shea butter has been obtained from the fruit of the African shea tree for centuries using cold pressed techniques. Its composition of rich ingredients, such as fat soluble vitamins and complex fatty acids, make it a truly unique ingredient in skin care. The high content of vitamin A and vitamin E stimulate cell regeneration allowing the skin to heal itself if you have a wound. Due to its high content of stearic acid and oleic acid, its texture is a solid cream, however it’s easily absorbed by the skin and does not clog pores. Thus, it is also called a panacea for problem skin. Suitable for skin prone to acne, psoriasis and eczema, it’s also an excellent vegetable butter for relieving skin irritation caused by sunlight.
Benzene is found in the mountains of Laos, Vietnam and Thailand. It is an alcoholic solution of benzoin gum extracted from benzoin resin by alcohol extraction. It produces an exotic, sweet scent thanks to benzoic acid and aniline active ingredients and is known for its excellent anti-inflammatory and disinfectant effects.
Silk protein is produced from the hatch of the silkworm in the form of a hydrolysed protein, whereby larger molecules are split into smaller ones so it can penetrate the upper layers of the skin more easily. It gives a silky and velvety feel on the skin’s surface. With the formation of a natural film layer less moisture content from the skin is lost, plus it also contributes to the external protection of the skin by protecting it from external stimuli. This is derived from animal hence the formulations that contain silk protein (age controle face cream, eye cream and body lotion) are not vegan, however it is a natural and cruelty-free ingredient.
Sodium Hyaluronate has more than 50% concentration in the skin, but it is also found in the components of muscles, bones and joint fluids. Hyaluronic acid is a real panacea for skin care. It has been with us since we were born, but as we grow and develop, the amount of hyaluron in our body decreases. Its water-binding capacity is difficult to achieve, and its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects stand out, thus helping to reduce free radicals, reducing the skin's aging process and the appearance of wrinkles. Due to its water-retaining ability, it generally softens and makes our skin more elastic. Based on its molecular weight, we distinguish between small and large hyaluron, both of which have their pros and cons. Large hyaluron’s can enclose a large amount of water, but due to its size can largely only reach the surface layers of the skin; while the small hyaluron penetrates the skin deeper, reaching more inaccessible parts, however it absorbs less water due to its lower molecular weight. In addition to plain hyaluronic acid, we can find the salt form, sodium hyaluronate. It is a large molecule, consisting of repeats of D-glucuronic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine disaccharide units (GAG). It plays a major role in the water-binding capacity of the epidermis.
One of the natural moisturizing elements in our skin is plant-derived Sodium PCA, chemically the sodium salt of pyroglutamic acid (NMF - Natural Moisturising Factor). This small amino acid derivative plays a major role in maintaining skin moisture. It is activated in the skin as an active pyroglutamic acid and is able to bind with and absorb moisture from the skin due to its excellent hygroscopic effect. Another plus point is that it does not cause irritation and does not cause allergies. Sodium PCA is considered to be a synthetic chemical. It is used as a humectant and skin conditioner in cosmetic formulas.
Sour Cherry Seed Oil is a rich emollient oil. In addition to the excellent fatty acid profile of cold-pressed oil, its antioxidant content and the effects of vitamin E and flavonoids, which enhance one another, help to increase the blood circulation of the skin. Due to its linoleic acid content, it is able to reduce the skin’s water loss, making the skin soft and smooth. The role of oleic acid is in skin regeneration, refining wrinkles and nourishing the skin. Due to its high ratio of linoleic acid and oleic acid, it is recommended for all skin types, but especially dry-dehydrated skin. The Hungarian sour cherry seed has a marzipan-like aroma and golden yellow colour.
Squalane is a saturated and stable version of unstable squalene. They are unsaponifiable lipids of squalene vegetable oils (olives and amaranth, for example), and form an integral part of the hydrolipid layer of human skin, hence are found in significant amounts of sebum secretions. The stable squalane is easily absorbed and does not leave a greasy feeling, thus preventing a decrease in the water content of the surface and deeper skin layers. It is guaranteed to bring hydration and smoothness to the skin.
Tapioca starch is actively involved in the absorption of excessive amounts of oil and sebum on the surface of the skin, thus preventing any possible unpleasant sticky or greasy feeling.
Palmitoyl Tripeptide-5 is a clever peptide formula of one amino acid triple. Our skin is constantly losing collagen, making it inelastic and more sensitive to harmful effects. This peptide, by being able to act on the factor TGF-Beta (a protein growth factor) responsible for cell division, causes our skin to produce collagen from within. It penetrates the epidermis, stimulating collagen formation and healthy tissue growth. It is also able to make contact with skin cells and signal the presence of harmful toxins so they are able to respond properly in a timely manner. A clever and reciprocal connection between the protein introduced into our skin and the cells within our skin.
Commonly known as coenzyme Q, or Q10, it’s naturally present in our bodies as a useful antioxidant responsible for regulating the energy supply to the cells in our body. However, its amount decreases overtime, freeing up more space for the formation of free radicals, which can have visible effects on the skin: such as the appearance of fine wrinkles, spots caused by UV radiation, and scars can become more pronounced. Fortunately, we can protect our skin from these external sources with ubiquinone; one of the most hyper-targeted natural ingredients for the treatment of wrinkles, whose effects can be enhanced when used in synergy with vitamin E and squalane.
Urea is a natural component of the skin, working as a moisturising agent focused on regulating the moisture content of the external epidermis; outer layer of the skin. It makes the skin more supple, moist, and less vulnerable. Generally dry skin has a low urea content, so it is necessary to replace it, which prevents further dehydration of the epidermis layer. It’s an ingredient used to treat many skin problems; such as psoriasis and eczema dehydrated skin.
100% pure essential oil of Vetiver is used for therapeutic purposes in the treatment of acne prone skin. Its antiseptic, regenerating and astringent effects make it a useful ingredient in skincare.
Violet Extract corrects small wrinkles and strengthens skin tissue. It's also efficient at reducing red spots, and soothing sensitive and stretchy skin.
Vitamin E is an antioxidant and cytoprotective vitamin, protecting skin cells from harmful agents and effectively combating signs of aging. It’s also an anti-inflammatory, adept at maintaining skin hydration and elasticity.
Witch Hazel with its slightly woody and spicy scent, is unique in its active ingredients, which are a real source of vitamins. Its hydrolate is enriched with plant derivatives that elevate its effectiveness among flower waters. The flavonoids, volatile components and organic acid components it contains have anti-inflammatory and slight antiseptic effects so it can be used to treat the overactive function of the sebaceous glands, thus shrinking the pores. Thanks to its coffee acid and chlorogenic acid content, it stimulates microcirculation and awakens the skin.
Xanthan is a polysaccharide made up of thousands of sugar units produced by biofermentation and is present in the form of a white powder. It is used by both the food industry and the cosmetics industry for the same purpose due to its excellent gelling properties. It is effective even in small amounts: when added to the aqueous phases, it is a thickener, viscosity-increasing, emulsion stabilizer.
Zinc oxide is a mineral known for its antiseptic, cleansing and skin-healing effects, hence why it's widely used in natural cosmetics.